GLONASS in sea and river dimensions
Ever rising demands for accuracy and reliability of sea and river vessels positioning as well as some special tasks requiring solutions of especially high reliability amid extreme shipping conditions determine the need for using advanced navigation systems.
Widespread application of satellite navigation technologies, also for civilian purposes, has determined the role of global navigation satellite systems as a strategic means for national security and economic independence.
The 35th anniversary of the first GLONASS satellite launch was celebrated on October 12, 2017. That was a landmark event in terms of evolution of the up-to-date shipping and navigation methods applied in water transport sector. And it requires special attention. Large scale deployment of civilian navigation equipment using GLONASS signals started from the transport sector of the Russian Federation, from the seaborne fleet.
Development of GLONASS officially began in December 1976 by the special order of the CPSU Central Committee and the Council of Ministers of the USSR. That was a continuation of the Cicada project with the official launch of GLONASS on 12 October 1982.